Automated Manifest System (AMS)
The Automated Manifest System (AMS) is a U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) multi-modular cargo inventory control and release notification system. AMS interfaces directly with Customs Cargo Selectivity and In-Bond systems, and indirectly with Automated Broker Interface (ABI), allowing faster identification and release of low risk shipments. AMS speeds the flow of cargo and entry processing and provides participants with electronic authorization to move cargo release prior to arrival. AMS facilitates the intermodal movement and delivery of cargo by rail and trucks through the In-bond system. Carriers, port authorities, service bureaus, freight forwarders and container freight stations can participate in AMS. AMS reduces reliance on paper documents and speeds the processing of manifest and waybill data. As a result, cargo remains on the dock for less time, participants realize faster tracking, and Customs provides better service to the importing community.
For details on Sea, Air and Rail AMS, go to: www.cbp.gov and enter Automated Manifest System (AMS) in the "Search" field. You can also call the Automated Commercial System (ACS) Client Representative Branch at (703) 650-3500.
Sea AMS allows participants to transmit manifest data electronically prior to vessel arrival. CBP can then determine in advance whether the shipment merits examination or immediate release. Upon notification from CBP, the carrier can make decisions on staging cargo and the importer can arrange for examination, release and distribution of the merchandise. All this can be accomplished before the vessel arrives. Sea AMS allows you to communicate with other AMS participants, other government agencies, container freight stations, and non-vessel commercial carriers.
With Sea AMS you can:
Air AMS allows carriers to "arrive" an in-bond shipment and to file in-bond, permit to proceed, and local transfers electronically. The carrier obtains notifications of releases, in-bond authorizations, general order, permit to proceed, and local transfer authorization upon flight departure or arrival from the last foreign port. Air waybill data can be transmitted in any sequence. Carriers have the option to transmit bills at random or group them by flight. Amendments to any air waybill information can also be transmitted electronically through AMS. Air AMS increases data reliability and electronic enforcement capability by standardizing the way the trade community and CBP communicate.
With Air AMS you can:
Freight Forwarders and Deconsolidators can:
Rail AMS is a cargo release notification system for rail carriers. Using a unique bill of lading number, the rail carrier electronically transmits bill information to CBP. When all bills on a train are assigned, the rail carrier transmits a "consist" of the bills and containers in standing car order. This allows Customs an opportunity to review the submitted documentation and determine, in advance, whether the merchandise merits examination or release. The carrier, upon receiving a release from Customs, is able to make decisions on staging cargo, and the importer can arrange for examination, release, and further distribution of the merchandise. The U.S. Department of Agriculture has access to Rail AMS to review manifest data electronically and perform other functions. Similar capability is planned for other agencies.
With Rail AMS you can: